Peter Mugai

Block Caving Mining Method

Block caving is an underground mining method that involves undermining an ore body and allowing it to collapse under its weight, allowing huge volumes of rock to be extracted efficiently. The ore then falls into a series of draw tunnels, where it can be collected and transported to the surface. The method is a high-volume mining method often used to mine large, low-grade ore deposits that are too deep or too


What happens? Earthquakes are natural geological events that cause the earth’s surface to shake or tremble. They occur due to a rapid release of energy in the earth’s crust, resulting in seismic waves that travel through the earth. Rocks shatter or slip when the cumulative tension along geological faults or plate borders exceeds their capacity to withstand it. This quick energy release produces seismic waves radiating outward from the fault

How Minerals are Formed

The Science of Mineral Formation How are minerals formed?; is a common question in mineral discussions. Minerals are part of our planet’s treasures, they are naturally occurring, inorganic solids with a specific chemical composition and a characteristic crystalline structure. They are also important components of our everyday life. In this blog article, we’ll explore the interesting world of mineral formation, appreciate the various processes that give life to valuable treasures,

Gold Rush

Gold Rush 101 A gold rush is a period of feverish excitement over discovery of gold, typically in a remote or an overlooked area. During a gold rush, prospectors or miners rush to the area hoping to find and extract the precious metal and make some quick money. The appeal of potential wealth and prosperity fuels migration of people from various places, leading to significant economic, social, and environmental impacts


The Brilliant Red July Birthstone The gemstone world celebrates the month of July with one of the most coveted of gems; Ruby. Ruby is a precious gemstone known for its brilliant red color. It is a variety of the mineral corundum whose other varieties of gem-quality stones include sapphires. The red color of ruby is caused by the presence of chromium in its chemical composition. The more chromium there is, the