Publications and Papers

Impacts of Covid-19 on ASM Operations in Kenya

Article shared jointly on and Mining Hub Africa At the moment, it is true to say that almost each of us has been affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. We have been forced to adapt to a new way of life as governments fight to flatten the notorious infection curve. Our resilience has been tested by an enemy invisible to the naked eye, with many sectors of the economy struggling

Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park (Madagascar)

The Forest of Limestone Needles Whether you love geology or not, you’ll agree with me that Tsingy de Bemaraha is a visual phenomenon. Let’s learn a little geology about this amazing feature. There are several such places in the world. Tsingy (which in Malagasy means “where one cannot walk barefoot” – referring to the tall, thin, needle-like rock formations) “limestone forests” are structures of towering, sometimes razor-sharp pillars of limestone.

Granite Rock

Granite Rock??? Granite is a light-colored, coarse grained intrusive igneous rock that is mainly rich in quartz and feldspar with minor amounts of mica, amphiboles etc. This mineral composition results in granite color variation which is a percentage of each mineral found in the sample. The crystals in granite provide a variety of mixed colors — feldspar (pink or red), mica (dark brown or black), quartz (clear pink, white, or

Volcanic Islands of Lake Turkana

Lake Turkana Africa is slowly splitting apart in the eastern part of the continent and has created a rift valley. For now, faults and volcanic dams along the rift valley have created a number of basins that are mostly occupied by lakes. One of these lakes is Lake Turkana; an alkaline lake located in Northern Kenya. The lake holds many titles; it’s nicknamed “The Jade Sea” owing to the greenish-blue

Victoria Falls -(Zambia/Zimbabwe border)

The Geological History of The Victoria Africa Falls Victoria Falls, locally known as ‘Mosi-oa-Tunya’ meaning “The Smoke that Thunders” is a waterfall located at the Zambia/Zimbabwe on Zambezi River. The Falls’ history is represented by a series of incredible geological events spanning for over 180 million years. Let’s go down the geological journey of the great “Mosi-oa-Tunya”. Volcanic Eruptions and Gondwana Splitting Effect  It started with successive volcanic eruptions that